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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Plant Polymer Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #224007

Title: Fractal dimensions of soy protein nanoparticle aggregates determined by dynamic mechanical method

item Jong, Lei

Submitted to: Materials Research Society Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/27/2008
Publication Date: 9/30/2008
Citation: Jong, L. 2009. Fractal dimensions of soy protein nanoparticle aggregates determined by dynamic mechanical method. Materials Research Society Proceedings. 1086E, 1086-U08-18.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The fractal dimension of the protein aggregates can be estimated by dynamic mechanical methods when the particle aggregates are imbedded in a polymer matrix. Nanocomposites were formed by mixing hydrolyzed soy protein isolate (HSPI) nanoparticle aggregates with styrene-butadiene (SB) latex, followed by freeze-drying and compression molding. The dynamic shear moduli of the elastomeric composites containing different particle fractions were measured. A logarithmic plot of shear modulus vs. particle fraction in rubber plateau region at 140 deg C can be fitted with a linear line. From the slope of the fitted line, the fractal dimension of the particle aggregates was estimated using the Cluster-Cluster Aggregation (CCA) model developed by Kluppel and Heinrich. The CCA model can also be used to extract fractal dimension from dynamic strain sweep experiments. The reversible strain sweep data was then fitted with a CCA model expression developed by Huber and Vilgis to yield the fractal dimension of the particle aggregates. The results show that the fractal dimensions extracted from both linear and non-linear viscoelastic data have a good agreement with each other. The model fitting indicates HSPI has a greater fractal dimension and therefore a more compact structure than the un-hydrolyzed soy protein aggregates.