Submitted to: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/1/2007
Publication Date: 12/1/2007
Citation: Johnston, C.A., Tyler, C., Foreyt, J.P. 2007. Behavioral management of obesity. Current Atherosclerosis Reports. 9(6):448-453.
Interpretive Summary: This study examines the effectiveness of a behavioral management approach of obesity designed to provide individuals with a set of strategies that promote a healthier weight. This approach involved educating individuals about engaging in a healthier lifestyle by consuming a low calorie diet and becoming more physically active. The results demonstrated a significant reduction in initial weight during the first 6 months to 1 year of treatment, suggesting that such behavioral approach is effective and promising. The long term effect of this approach needs to be examined to predict continued effectiveness of the approach. The Diabetes Prevention Program and the Look AHEAD trial are providing strong data on the long-term results of intensive behavioral management interventions.
Technical Abstract: The behavioral management of obesity is an approach designed to provide individuals with a set of skills that promote a healthier weight. A number of strategies are used to assist individuals in making gradual changes that can realistically be incorporated into their lives. Evidence is promising for behavioral programs as results demonstrate an 8-10% reduction in initial weight during the first 6 months to 1 year of treatment. However, the long-term impact of these treatments remains unclear, as many individuals regain weight lost over time. The Diabetes Prevention Program and the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) trial are providing strong data on the long-term results of intensive behavioral management interventions.