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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Oxford, Mississippi » National Sedimentation Laboratory » Water Quality and Ecology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #216751

Title: Modifying Erosion Control Structures for Ecological Benefits

item Shields Jr, Fletcher
item Smiley, Peter - Rocky
item Cooper, Charles

Submitted to: Journal of Soil and Water Conservation
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/30/2007
Publication Date: 1/2/2008
Citation: Shields Jr, F.D., Smiley, P.C., Cooper, C.M. 2008. Modifying Erosion Control Structures for Ecological Benefits. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 62(6):157A.

Interpretive Summary: Research conducted in the 1990s showed that many species of birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish could be found in areas affected by installation of edge-of-field water control structures known as drop pipes. The number of invertebrate species was greater when the drop pipes were designed to create small pods and land managers allowed native vegetation to develop around pond margins. Recent communication with action agency personnel and other researchers showed that interest in implementing these findings and extending knowledge about benefits of drop pipes is strong.

Technical Abstract: Edge-of-field water control structures known as drop pipes are widely employed to control gully erosion, particularly along incised streams. Previous research showed that incidental habitats created by installation of these structures supplemented stream corridors by supporting large numbers of invertebrate species. More recent communications with practitioners and technology transfer specialists documented increasing acceptance of the need to create and manage habitat features when designing and installing drop pipes in riparian zones.