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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Measuring vitamins and minerals in dietary supplements for nutrition studies in the USA)

Author
item Dwyer, Johanna
item Holden, Joanne
item Andrews, Karen
item Roseland, Janet
item Zhao, Cuiwei
item Schweitzer, Amy
item Perry, Charles
item Harnly, James - Jim
item Wolf, Wayne
item Picciano, Mary Frances
item Fisher, Kenneth
item Saldanha, Leila
item Yetley, Elizabeth
item Betz, Joseph
item Coates, Paul
item Milner, John
item Whitted, Jackie
item Burt, Vicki
item Radimer, Kathy
item Wilger, Jamie
item Sharpless, Katherine
item Hardy, Constance

Submitted to: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/21/2007
Publication Date: 9/20/2007
Citation: Dwyer, J., Holden, J.M., Andrews, K., Roseland, J.M., Zhao, C., Schweitzer, A., Perry, C., Harnly, J.M., Wolf, W.R., Picciano, M., Fisher, K., Saldanha, L., Yetley, E., Betz, J., Coates, P., Milner, J., Whitted, J., Burt, V., Radimer, K., Wilger, J., Sharpless, K., Hardy, C. 2007. Measuring vitamins and minerals in dietary supplements for nutrition studies in the USA. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 389(1):37-46.

Interpretive Summary: This article illustrates the importance of having analytical data for vitamins and minerals in dietary supplements for nutrition studies. Reasons for concern about measuring micronutrients in dietary supplements are reviewed. An analytically validated dietary supplement ingredient database (DSID) for vitamins and minerals developed by a consortium of federal agencies is described. Preliminary studies of multi-vitamin mineral supplements (MVMs) marketed in the U.S. that were analyzed as candidates for the DSID are summarized. Challenges in developing the DSID are described and possible future directions are outlined. Some related programs of the Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS), National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the USA are summarized.

Technical Abstract: This article illustrates the importance of having analytical data on the vitamin and mineral content of dietary supplements in nutrition studies and describes efforts to develop an analytically validated dietary supplement ingredient database (DSID) by a consortium of federal agencies in the USA. Preliminary studies of multi-vitamin mineral supplements marketed in the USA that were analyzed as candidates for the DSID are summarized. Challenges are summarized, possible future directions are outlined, and some related programs at the Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health are described. The DSID should be helpful to researchers in assessing relationships between intakes of vitamins and minerals and health outcomes.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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