Submitted to: Journal of Vector Ecology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/27/2007
Publication Date: 1/9/2008
Publication URL: http://www.sove.org/Journal%20PDF/December%202007/21-Adler%20et%20al%2007-43.pdf
Citation: Adler, P.H., Roach, D., Reeves, W.K., Flanagan, J.P., Morrow, M.E. 2008. Attacks on the endangered Attwarer's Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido attwateri) by black flies infected with an avian blood parasite. Journal of Vector Ecology. Vol. 32, No. 2, p. 309-312. Interpretive Summary: Attwater's Prairie-Chicken is a wild bird attacked by blood feeding black flies. These flies harbor a bird malaria. We suggest that black fly control might be important in protecting the Attwater's Prairie-Chicken.
Technical Abstract: With fewer than 50 birds remaining in the wild, Attwater's Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido attwateri) is critically endangered. Individuals of the Attwater Prairie-Chicken have been attacked in successive winters, 2005-2006, by the black fly Cnephia ornithophilia. Attwater's Prairie-Chicken is a previously unreported host for Cnephia ornithophilia. About 15% of 13 blood-fed flies collected from captured Attwater's Prairie-Chickens carried a parasite of the genus Leucocytozoon, which can cause debilitating avian malarie-like disease. If blood feeding or transmission of the disease agent becomes a threat to the birds, particularly in years of lean food supply or harsh weather, management of larval populations of Cnephia ornithophilia should be considered.