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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: ON-FARM PRETREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING ENZYMATIC DIGESTIBILITY OF CELLULOSE AND HEMICELLULOSE PRESENT IN PERENNIAL GRASS AND CORN STOVER)

Author
item Digman, Matthew
item Shinners, Kevin
item Dien, Bruce
item Muck, Richard
item Weimer, Paul

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/9/2007
Publication Date: 4/29/2007
Citation: Digman, M.F., Shinners, K.J., Dien, B.S., Muck, R.E., Weimer, P.J. 2007. On-farm pretreatment technologies for improving enzymatic digestibility of cellulose and hemicellulose present in perennial grass and corn stover [abstract]. Abstracts of the 29th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, April 29-May 2, 2007, Denver, Colorado. p. 147.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Recently, wet storage methods have been proposed for feedstock preservation and on-farm storage of perennial grass and corn stover biomass. The advantages over a dry storage system include lower risk of fire, reduced harvest costs, and improved feedstock susceptibility to enzymatic hydrolysis. We believe that wet storage systems may also present a unique opportunity to add value to the feedstock through chemical or biological pretreatment. In-storage pretreatments at ambient temperature and pressure but prolonged reaction times may lower pretreatment costs and provide better return for farmers. Our research investigates the ability of on-farm pretreatments with dilute acid, alkali, ozone or novel enzymes to improve enzymatic degradability of cellulose and hemicelluloses in biomass at the biorefinery.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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