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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Petrifilm plates for enumeration of bacteria counts in goat milk

item Chen, S
item Van Kessel, Jo Ann
item Bah, B
item Ren, F
item Zeng, S

Submitted to: Joint Meeting of the ADSA, AMSA, ASAS and PSA
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/9/2007
Publication Date: 7/10/2007
Citation: Chen, S.S., Van Kessel, J.S., Bah, B., Ren, F.Z., Zeng, S.S. 2007. Petrifilm plates for enumeration of bacteria counts in goat milk. Joint Meeting of the ADSA, AMSA, ASAS and PSA, July 7-12, 2007, San Antonio, Texas.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: PetrifilmTM Aerobic Count (AC) and Coliform Count (CC) plates were validated against standard methods for enumeration of coliforms, total bacteria, and psychrotrophic bacteria in raw (n = 39) and pasteurized goat milk (n = 17) samples. All microbiological data were transformed into log form and statistically analyzed using paired comparison t-test of SAS. There were no significant differences (P < 0.01) between PetrifilmTM CC and the standard Violet Red Bile Agar Petri dish method. PetrifilmTM AC was as accurate (P > 0.05) as the standard Petri dish methods for both total bacteria and psychrotrophic bacteria when the total bacteria count was less than 1x106 CFU/ml. Correlations between PetrifilmTM plates and the standard Petri dish agar methods were high (r = 0.992, 0.997, and 0.974 for coliform, total bacteria, and psychrotrophic bacteria, respectively). In conclusion, PetrifilmTM AC and CC plates can be used as alternatives to standard methods for enumeration of total bacteria, psychrotrophic bacteria, and of coliforms, respectively. Advantages of PetrifilmTM plates include rapidity, ease of performance, labor saving, and no need for agar preparation or autoclaving. This validation is of practical importance to goat milk producers and processors because of the limited numbers of goat milk samples available daily and the lack of advanced laboratory facilities on most goat farms and in most goat milk processing plants.

Last Modified: 06/23/2017
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