Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/2008
Publication Date: 10/12/2008
Citation: Erhan, S.Z., Dunn, R.O., Knothe, G.H., Moser, B.R. 2008. Fuel Properties and Performance of Biodiesel. In: Hou, C.T., editor. Biocatalysis and Bioenergy. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. p. 3-58.
Technical Abstract: When being used as "alternative" diesel fuel, the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats are referred to as biodiesel. Biodiesel is playing an increasingly important role in the fuel landscape, with production and use growing exponentially and standards established around the world. Correspondingly, research on biodiesel has continued to expand. This book chapter summarizes recent research results and efforts to improve the properties and performance of biodiesel. Following a brief historical introduction, subjects that are covered include cetane numbers and exhaust emissions, cold flow properties, oxidative stability, viscosity and lubricity.