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Title: Octyl- and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates and Their Transformation Products in the Back River, Maryland

item Rice, Clifford

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/1/2007
Publication Date: 11/15/2007
Citation: Loyo-Rosales, J., Rice, C., Torrents, A. 2007. Octyl- and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates and Their Transformation Products in the Back River, Maryland. Meeting Abstract. p. 65.

Interpretive Summary: .

Technical Abstract: The Back River is a sub-estuary of the Chesapeake Bay that receives effluent from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and urban runoff from the metropolitan area of Baltimore, MD. In order to study the fate of the alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEOs) and their transformation products, including those that have been found to be weakly estrogenic, the concentrations of nonylphenol and octylphenol ethoxylates (NP0-16EO and OP0-5EO respectively), nonylphenol (NP), octylphenol (OP), and the carboxylated derivatives NP1-2EC and OP1EC were measured in water samples collected in the Back River and the WWTP effluent in September and October 2004, and in March 2005. In all sampling events, the most abundant of the alkylphenolic compounds (APEs) were the carboxylates (APECs, > 95%), followed by NP in September and October, and NP1-2EO in March. NP concentrations found in this study, 0.087 – 0.69 'g/L, were below acute toxicity thresholds, and generally below the U.S. EPA water quality criteria; although in March concentrations were approximately 30 to 50% of the chronic exposure limit (1.4 'g/L) for saltwater. Total NPE concentrations in the estuary seemed to be a function of the concentrations in the WWTP effluent, especially in the case of the APECs. However, a closer analysis of the data suggested that in the fall sampling events, when rain occurred, the long-chain ethoxylates present in the particulate matter originated in the river’s tributaries carrying urban runoff and not in the WWTP.