Submitted to: United Nations University International Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/27/2007
Publication Date: 10/1/2007
Citation: Heath, R.R., Epsky, N.D., Kendra, P.E., Mangan, R.L. 2007. Fruit fly trapping and control - Past, present and future, pp. 7-10. In Development of Improved Attractants and Their Integration into Fruit Fly SIT Management Programmes. Proceedings of a final Research Coordination Meeting, IAEA-TECDOC-1574. IAEA Vienna. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Increased plant importation, tourism, and trade in agricultural commodities have increased the incidence of introduction of exotic insect pests into pest-free areas of the world, threatening crop and ornamental plant production. The threat of invasion is very pronounced in areas of the world that receive plant and produce shipments from countries with established populations. There are a number of pests identified from these areas that pose a serious threat to global agriculture. This threat is exacerbated by the loss of methyl bromide an other strategies used as quarantine treatments. The continuous threat of exotic pest introduction has mandated that scientists and regulatory agencies initiate proactive efforts to understand the biology and the develop management strategies that will mitigate the threat of exotic insect pest introduction. A critical component is development of detection systems that will provide an early warning of pest presence in pathways vulnerable to peat invasion. This presentation will critically appraise the decade of efforts to develop and implement female-biased trapping system(s) for economically important fruit flies that is critical to the success of SIT programs used to control this insect. A historical review of basic and applied research and implementation of new technologies will be presented. Additionally, a review of the successful partnership at local, national and global levels will be discussed. Presentations of the advancement and subsequent enhancement of research related to development and use of female-targeted Mediterranean fruit fly systems in SIT under the stewarding of FAO/IAEA will be presented.