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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lubbock, Texas » Cropping Systems Research Laboratory » Wind Erosion and Water Conservation Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #211445

Title: Cotton seedling abrasion and recovery from wind blown sand

item Baker, Jeffrey
item Van Pelt, Robert - Scott

Submitted to: Western Society of Crop Science Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/18/2007
Publication Date: 6/20/2007
Citation: Baker, J.T., Van Pelt, R.S. 2007. Cotton seedling abrasion and recovery from wind blown sand. Western Society of Crop Science.Las Cruces, New Mexico. June 18-20, 2007.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Millions of hectares of crops are exposed to wind blown sand abrasion each year and in many instances the damage is thought to be severe enough to require replanting. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of wind blown sand abrasion duration on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedlings. Seedlings of three cotton cultivars were exposed to wind velocities of 13.4 m s-1 with sand abrasive flux density of 0.42 g cm-1 width per second for six treatment durations ranging from 0 to 40 minutes. Plants were destructively sampled at the time of the sand abrasion treatment and also at approximately 2 and 4 weeks after exposure. These three sampling dates provided two time intervals for assessing the amount of plant damage and regrowth using classical growth analysis. With increasing sand abrasion treatment time, leaf area and leaf, stem and total shoot biomass were all reduced while final number of mainstem nodes increased (P ' 0.05). Cultivar differences in leaf mass were significant only at the second destructive sampling date (P ' 0.05). For the first harvest interval, between the first and second destructive sampling, shoot relative growth rate (RGR) and net assimilation rate (NAR) decreased with increasing sand abrasion treatment time. Regrowth during the second harvest interval revealed the opposite pattern with RGR and NAR both increasing with increasing sand abrasion treatment time. In both harvest intervals variation in RGR depended mainly on NAR rather than LAR. These results indicate that despite near complete defoliation at the longest treatment duration of 40 minutes, cotton plants receiving this level of damage in the field may not require replanting.