Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/1/2003
Publication Date: 11/1/2003
Citation: Johnson, S.L., Fisher, J.O. 2004. Feeding the child. In: Kleinman, R.E.,editor. Pediatric Nutrition Handbook. 5th edition. Washington, D.C.: American Academy of Pediatrics. p. 119-136. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: A better understanding of the nutritional needs of both healthy and sick infants is important. Not only does too much or too little nutrition during early life have long-term effects on health, but periods of rapid growth during the first year of life also have long-term consequences. Knowledge of the changes in body composition in early life can help to better define nutritional needs at these ages. Several methods are available for measuring body composition of neonates and infants. Most focus on an assessment of either body fatness or bone mineralization; only a few can monitor the quality of the non-fat lean tissues. This paper provides an evaluation of the different approaches currently available to monitor infant body composition, identifying both their strengths and limitations.