|Brevik, Eric - Dickinson State University|
Submitted to: Review Article
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/29/2010
Publication Date: 12/10/2010
Citation: Gonzalez, J.M., Ventura, E., Castellanos, J.Z., Brevik, E. 2010. Soil science in Mexico: history, challenges, and future. Soil Survey Horizons. 51:63-71.
Technical Abstract: There is a lack of information on the history of soil science in developing countries, such as Mexico. Scientists, farmers, and government agencies can use this type of information to identify the benefits, current state of understanding, and recognize the challenges associated with managing soil resources. We reviewed the literature to assemble available information on the history of soil science in Mexico. Informal interviews were conducted with small-scale farmers and scientists to obtain information on current problems and needs associated with soil resource management. This synthesis provides insight into some of the reasons why soil science technology has failed to reach or be implemented at the producer level in Mexico, despite the rich knowledge of soils established by ancient civilizations in the region. The information presented here should be useful in terms of sustaining expanded regional trade opportunities and continued interaction with US governmental and non-profit organizations that have a long history of cooperation with Mexico and Mexican agriculture. Collaboration and expanded communication among organizations or institutes within Mexico, and with trade and regional partners will improve and contribute to successful research planning and information dissemination efforts that address practical soil management needs.