Submitted to: Proceedings of the Annual Appalachian Opportunities Symposium
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/13/2007
Publication Date: 3/16/2007
Citation: Takeda, F. 2007. Cultivation practices for blackberry and opportunities for extending harvest season. Proceedings of the Fifth Appalachian Opportunities Symposium, Beckley, WV, Marach 10, 2007. Mountain State University, Beckley, WV. p. 78-81. In M.R. Morales and J.G. Foster (eds.). Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: We evaluated the combination of primocane training and cane positioning techniques using a rotatable cross-arm (RCA) trellis system and covering plants in winter to protect buds and canes from freezing temperatures in 'Apache', 'Boysenberry', 'Siskiyou', and 'Triple Crown' blackberry. After tying primocanes to trellis wires and rotating the crossarms to below horizontal, canes were positioned close to the ground which allowed them to be covered with spun bonded floating row cover (FRC) and clear polyethylene (PE) plastic sheet from December to March. The canes remained in the horizontal orientation until bloom which resulted in the flowering laterals to grow upright. After bloom, the cross-arm was rotated to slightly beyond vertical. The daily minimum temperatures under the FRC+PE covers and two layers of FRC were 3 to 7 degrees C higher than in the open. The damage to buds and canes of 'Siskiyou' plants under FRC+PE or two layers of FRC was significantly less than for 'Siskiyou' plants that were not covered. Winter-protected 'Siskiyou' plants produced 3 to 5 times more fruit than plants in the open. Harvesting of 'Siskiyou' fruit occurred during the red raspberry harvest season. 'Boysenberry' blackberry lacked vegetative growth and produced little whether canes were covered or remained in the open. These findings suggest that our technique for mitigating the adverse effects of low temperaturees proved beneficial for 'Siskiyou' trailing blackberries. With addition of cultivars such as 'Siskiyou', there is a potential for early-season high-quality blackberry production in the mid-Atlantic coast region.