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Title: UREA SPACE AND BODY CONDITION SCORE TO PREDICT BODY COMPOSITION OF MEAT GOATS

Author
item NGWA, A.
item DAWSON, L.
item PUCHALA, R.
item DETWEILER, G.
item MERKEL, R.
item TOVAR-LUNA, I.
item SAHLU, T.
item Ferrell, Calvin
item GOETSCH, A.

Submitted to: American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/22/2006
Publication Date: 7/12/2006
Citation: Ngwa, A., Dawson, L., Puchala, R., Detweiler, G., Merkel, R., Tovar-Luna, I., Sahlu, T., Ferrell, C., Goetsch, A. 2006. Urea space and body condition score to predict body composition of meat goats [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science 84(Suppl. 1):326.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Yearling Boer x Spanish wethers (n=40) were used to develop and compare body composition prediction equations for mature meat goats based on urea space (US) and body condition score (BCS). Before the experiment, one-half of the animals were managed to have high BW and BCS (1-5, with 1 being extremely thin and 5 very fat) and the others were managed to have low BW and BCS. During the 24-wk experiment, initially fat wethers were fed to lose BW and BCS and initially thin wethers were fed to increase BW and BCS. BCS, US, and whole body chemical composition were determined after 0, 12, and 24 wk. Mean, minimum, and maximum values were 42.1 (SE - 1.12), 24.5, and 59.0 kg for shrunk BW; 3.0 (SE = 0.11), 1.5, and 4.0 for BCS; 61.3 (SE = 1.01), 53.7, and 76.5% for water; 20.2 (SE = 1.11), 4.7, and 29.7% for fat; 15.6 (SE = 0.19), 13.3, and 18.1% for protein; and 2.9 (SE = 0.062), 2.2, and 3.7% for ash, respectively. For water, fat, and ash concentrations and mass, simplest equations explaining greatest variability (with independent variables of US, BCS, and(or) shrunk BW) based on BCS accounted for more variation than ones based on US, although in some cases differences were not large (i.e., water and ash concentrations and mass). Neither US nor BCS explained variability in protein concentration. Equations to predict protein mass based on shrunk BW and US or BCS were nearly identical in R**2 and the root mean square error. A 1-unit change in BCS corresponded to change in full BW of 8.9 kg (full BW, kg = 17.902 + (8.9087 × BCS); R**2 = 0.653), fat concentration of 7.54% (% fat = -5.076 + (7.5361 × BCS); R**2 = 0.612), and energy concentration of 3.01 MJ/kg (energy, MJ/kg = 0.971 + (3.0059 × BCS); R**2 = 0.615). In summary, BCS may be used as or more effectively to predict body composition of meat goats than US. The primary determinant of BCS, within the range of BCS observed in this experiment, was body fat content. This project was supported by USDA Project No. 2003-38814-13923.