Submitted to: Entomology Society of America Pacific Branch Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/21/2006
Publication Date: 3/5/2006
Citation: Yokoyama, V.Y. 2003. Proactive research to prevent the interruption of trade with the advance of invasive species. Entomology Society of America 90th Pacific Branch Meeting, March 5-8, 2006, Maui, Hawaii. p. 109
Technical Abstract: The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin), was first found in California in the Los Angeles Basin in late 1998. In response to the California Olive Committee, research was immediately planned and conducted to develop quarantine treatments to control the pest in fruit grown in infested areas and shipped to non-infested areas where canning facilities were located. Two quarantine treatments were developed for control of olive fruit fly immature stages that may occur in harvested fruit: Immersion in 1% acetic acid brine solution, and low temperature storage for 2 or more wk at 2-3ºC. The occurrence of cereal leaf beetle, Oulema melanopus (L.), threatens western hay exports. In response to the Oregon Department of Agriculture, quarantine treatments were developed in 2000 to control potential infestations in exported bales. Standard bale compression at 105 kg/cm² plus 1 d storage in freight containers, and fumigation with 400 ppm hydrogen phosphide for 1 d at 21ºC or above caused 100% mortality of cereal leaf beetle adults. Quarantine restrictions inside areas of infestation required the establishment of temporary laboratories in Bell, California in cooperation with APHIS, PPQ for olive fruit fly research, and in Aurora, Washington for cereal leaf beetle research.