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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Albany, California » Western Regional Research Center » Healthy Processed Foods Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #190847

Title: Particleboard quality characteristics of saline jose tall wheatgrass and chemical treatment effect

item Zheng, Yi
item Pan, Zhongli - John
item Zhang, Ruihong
item Jenkins, Bryan
item Blunk, Sherry

Submitted to: Bioresource Technology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/30/2006
Publication Date: 6/27/2006
Citation: Zheng, Y., Pan, Z., Zhang, R., Jenkins, B.M., Blunk, S. 2007. Particleboard quality characteristics of saline jose tall wheatgrass and chemical treatment effect. Industrial Crops and Products. 98(6):1304-1310.

Interpretive Summary: This research studied the properties of particleboards made from Athel wood. The Athel trees were produced as a biomass crop for saline water management. The research results showed that saline Athel wood is an appropriate material for manufacturing particleboards.

Technical Abstract: The objective of this research was to characterize the qualities (mechanical properties and water resistance) of particleboard made from saline Jose Tall Wheatgrass (JTW), Agropyron elongatum. For the JTW particleboards made with 4% polymeric methane diphenyl diisocyanate (PMDI), the mechanical properties and water resistance improved with the increase of particleboard density from 0.71 to 0.75 g/cm3. The particleboards with density of 0.74 g/cm3 had similar mechanical properties of wood-based particleboards, except for lower internal bond strength. Among the particleboards made with particles of different initial moisture contents from 2% to 10%, the particleboard with the particles of 8% initial moisture content had the highest qualities. The pretreatment using NaOH solution to wash the JTW particles reduced the qualities of finished particleboards bonded with both PMDI and urea formaldehyde (UF) resins. Particleboards made with PMDI showed superior qualities than those made with UF, as shown by the measured contact angle results between the adhesives and JTW.