Submitted to: American Entomological Institute
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/8/2006
Publication Date: 12/31/2006
Citation: Williams, D.J., Miller, D.R., Rung, A. 2006. A systematic revision of the armored scale genus furcaspis lindinger. American Entomological Institute. 34:1-86.
Interpretive Summary: Scale insects cause billions of dollars in damage or control costs each year and are serious threats as invasive species in the U. S. and elsewhere. This research provides descriptions, illustrations, and identification tools for a group of 28 species of armored scales that are commonly intercepted at U. S. ports-of-entry including 15 that are new to science. Results will allow quarantine personnel to identify species that previously were unidentifiable and will assist in preventing their entry as invasive species. This paper also provides similar benefits to biological control specialists, extension entomologists, state identifiers, and scale insect researchers
Technical Abstract: A systematic revision of the armored scales in the genus Furcaspis Lindinger is presented. Twenty-eight species are treated, including 15 that are described as new to science. Adult females of all 28 species are described and illustrated, a key for their identification is presented, and a phylogeny based on morphological characters is given.