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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


item Entz, M
item Bellotti, W
item Powell, Joseph
item Angadi, S
item Chen, W
item Ominski, K
item Boelt, B

Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/15/2004
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Changes in integrated crop-livestock systems were explored for several regions of the world. The evolution of integrated crop-livestock systems was explained using a "state and transition" model. It was concluded that many factors contribute to changes in the crop-livestock systems, and that no logical end-point in the evolution process exists. While benefits of integrated crop-livestock systems over specialized crop and livestock systems are well documented (and recorded here), there has been a move to specialized crop and livestock production. However, sustainability issues (manure nutrient concentration, soil quality maintenance, salinity, herbicide resistance, economic instability) have created renewed interest in integrated crop-livestock systems. The concept of crop-livestock integration at a regional scale (area-wide integration) was explored and examples from heavily and lightly populated regions were presented. Farmer adaptability was presented as an important link in the evolution between "states of integration".

Last Modified: 10/16/2017
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