Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/15/2005
Publication Date: 3/4/2005
Citation: Stuff, J.E., Casey, P.H., Szeto, K., Gossett, J., Weber, J., Simpson, P., Champagne, C., Connell, C., Harsha, D., Robbins, J., Mccabe-Sellers, B., Bogle, M.L. 2005. Household food insecurity and adult chronic disease in the lower Missisippi Delta. The FASEB Journal. 19(4):A986.
Interpretive Summary: Household food security reflects adequancy and stability of food supply in the home. Althought a few reports suggest an association of food security with chronic disease risk factors or disease, the association has not been adequately studied in a population-based sample.
Technical Abstract: Household food security reflects adequancy and stability of food supply in the home. Althought a few reports suggest an association of food security with chronic disease risk factors or disease, the association has not been adequately studied in a population-based sample. A representative sample of adults from the Lower Mississippi Delta region of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi were interviewed by telephone. Measures included the US Food Security Survey Module, self report of health risk factors and presence of chronic disease. Results from 1453 adults showed persons in food insecure households vs. secure households were significantly more likely to report presence of hypertension (44.8 vs 29.3%), high cholesterol (20.6 vs 17.9%), diabetes (15.1 vs 9.4%), heart disease (13.5 vs 6.8%), and have conditions suggestive of metabolic syndrome (at least 3 of the following: diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or heart disease syndrom) (10.0 vs 4.4). In a logistic regresion model controlling for race, gender, age, household size, education, and income, food security status was associated with high cholesterol, heart disease, and metabolic syndrome marker. These findings suggest that food security is associated with important chronic disease conditions.