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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stoneville, Mississippi » Cotton Ginning Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #182752


item Ray, Sam

Submitted to: ASAE Annual International Meeting
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/6/2005
Publication Date: 7/20/2005
Citation: Ray, S.J. 2005. Parameter variations in a cylinder-type cleaner for seed cotton. ASAE Annual International Meeting. Paper #51098 21 pp.

Interpretive Summary: The quality of U.S. cotton needs improvements to increase its competition in foreign markets. Current ginning recommendations include two saw-type lint cleaners after fiber-seed separation. Though lint cleaners remove an impressive amount foreign material, the aggressive cleaning action degrades the quality of the lint and expels a considerable amount of fiber. Prior to fiber-seed separation, seed cotton cleaners are much less aggressive and essentially do not affect the quality of the fiber. However, the gentle cleaning action is compromised by lower cleaning efficiency. Previous work has shown that three seed cotton cleaners can be used in lieu of the second lint cleaner. This study investigated parameter modifications of a cylinder-type seed cotton cleaner, with the goal of reducing the number of seed cotton cleaners required to replace the second lint cleaner. Cylinder cleaners consist of spiked cylinders that scrub seed cotton across a series of cleaning points known as grid bars, which allow the foreign material to fall through the gaps between the bars. Test treatments were combinations of cylinder speed (conventional and high) and grid bar type (conventional round, thin square, large square, thin diamond, large diamond). The results indicated that the large square grid bars at the higher cylinder speed performed slightly better than the conventional grid bar and cylinder speed, considering both cleaning efficiency and fiber loss. Another study is currently underway that evaluates these two configurations more closely. Adoption of a more efficient configuration will improve the quality of baled cotton.

Technical Abstract: The seed cotton cleaning effectiveness of a cylinder-type cleaner was evaluated based on varying grid bar configuration, cylinder speed, and cylinder configuration. The experiment was conducted in two parts – cylinders equipped with (Part 1) and without (Part 2) “propulsion paddles”. Each part composed of eight combinations of grid bar shapes and cylinder speeds. Pre-cleaned and non pre-cleaned seed cotton was used to simulate the first and second stages of cleaning. The study also included an evaluation of the first three and second three grid sections of the cleaner by capturing the wastes from each separately. In Part 1, the treatment with 9.5-mm flat square grid bars and cylinder speed of 980 rpm outperformed the conventionally operated cylinder cleaner (9.5-mm dia. grid bars with 480 rpm cylinder speed) in all aspects of the analysis, considering both cleaning efficiency and fiber wastage. Overall, 9.5-mm flat square bar/980 rpm treatment cleaned seed cotton at an efficiency of 28% and wasted virtually no fiber, while the conventional configuration cleaned at 24% efficiency and experienced 0.08 kg/bale fiber loss. In Part 2, essentially no differences occurred between the 9.5-mm flat square bar/980 rpm treatment and the conventional configuration in all analyses, each with an overall cleaning efficiency of 26% and nearly no loss of fiber. All other treatments either had reduced efficiencies or significantly higher fiber loss. Results indicate that cylinders equipped with paddles may offer potential for optimizing seed cotton cleaning performance when used with certain grid bar configurations, though further research is needed.