Submitted to: The Peach: Botany, Production and Uses
Publication Type: Book / chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/16/2005
Publication Date: 10/22/2008
Citation: Nyczepir, A.P., Esmenjaud, D. 2008. Nematodes. In: Layne, D.R., Bassi, D., editors. The Peach: Botany, Production and Uses. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK:CABI. p. 505-535. Interpretive Summary: Plant-parasitic nematodes are associated with many forms of plant life including orchard crops such as peach. Due to their soil localization and their non-specific above-ground symptoms, nematode presence and economic importance to the fruit industry is frequently ignored and underestimated. There are several nematode genera known to be associated with causing severe losses in peach orchards worldwide. This chapter focuses on 4 major nematode pests of peach, which include: root-knot, ring, root-lesion, and dagger nematodes. Providing peach growers worldwide with updated information on nematode management practices would be very useful in establishing and maintaining a productive orchard. This chapter provides useful insights for growers and scientists with the most current information and recommendation practices available for peach nematode control throughout the world.
Technical Abstract: The Nematode chapter addresses the history, biology, sampling procedures, and diseases associated with the 4 major nematode pests (i.e., Mesocriconema spp., Meloidogyne spp., Pratylenchus spp., and Xiphinema spp.) in peach worldwide. Also discussed are current nematode management strategies such as rootstock resistance, crop rotation, chemical control, and sanitation. This chapter will serve as an excellent reference book for peach growers, extension personnel, homeowners, and scientists throughout the world.