Submitted to: American Journal of Epidemiology
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/2003
Publication Date: 6/1/2003
Citation: Yoo, S., Nicklas, T., Baranowski, T., Zakeri, I., Yang, S., Srinivasan, S.R., Berenson, G.S. Dietary intakes among young adults with different numbers of metabolic syndrome risk factors: The Bogalusa Heart Study. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2003;157:S78. Interpretive Summary: An Interpretive Summary Is Not Required.
Technical Abstract: Previous studies have suggested that dietary intakes affect individual risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. The objective was to examine dietary intakes in 1181 young adults (ages 19-38 years; 38.1% males; 25% African Americans and 75% Euro-Americans) in relation to metabolic risk factors in the Bogalusa Heart Study. Participants were stratified into three groups according to the number of risk factors (0, 1-2, 3 or more) associated with the metabolic syndrome according to the diagnostic criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program and dietary intakes were compared among them. After adjusting for age, gender, ethnicity, total energy intake, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity, intake of fruit, juice, and vegetables (FJV) was significantly higher among subjects who had no risk factor than those who had 1-2, and 3 or more risk factors (3.15 servings/day vs. 2.88, 2.70; p<0.05). Intake of sweetened beverages in the 0-risk factor group was lower than in the 1-2, and 3 or more risk factor groups (1.41 serving/day vs. 1.70, 1.81; p<0.001). Intake of alcohol in the 0-risk factor group was higher than in the 1-2, and 3 or more groups only before adjusting for the effect of BMI and physical activity in the model (2.48 servings/day vs. 1.96, 1.65; p<0.001). Differences in intakes of FJV, sweetened and alcohol were found among young adults with varying numbers of risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome.