Submitted to: Annual Review of Entomology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/20/2006
Publication Date: 1/20/2006
Citation: Follett, P.A., Neven, L.G. 2006. Current trends in quarantine entomology. Annual Review Of Entomology. 51: 359-385.
Technical Abstract: Trade in agricultural commodities is growing at a rapid rate. As agricultural trade is increasing, the probability of introducing new insects to areas where they may become pests will increase. Quarantine treatments or other mitigation approaches outlined in this review reduce or eliminate pest load in traded commodities and represent the best method to safeguard agriculture and natural resources worldwide. A single postharvest treatment applied to the commodity will remain the mainstay for trade in many commodities, but a range of alternative analytical techniques and mitigation options are available to prevent exotic pest introductions. Chemically based postharvest treatments will likely become less available and will be replaced by physical treatments and systems approaches. Developing systems approaches with sets of safeguards and mitigation measures requires better knowledge of pest biology, host plant interactions, and pest management than traditional postharvest approaches. Designing postharvest treatments and systems approaches for taxonomic groups or guilds of insects and groups of commodities rather than for individual pests and commodities would help avoid research, regulatory, and trade bottlenecks. In support of pest free area, systems approach, pest suppression and pest eradication technologies, additional research into developing optimal trapping designs for low-level populations, improving pheromone or plant-based lures, insect dispersal, and integrating area-wide pest suppression tactics is needed, in addition to studies of the ecological limitations of pests and improved pest risk assessment methods. The development of additional national and international standards for phytosanitary measures may improve uniformity and transparency of information exchanged between countries when negotiating trade in new commodities.