Submitted to: Journal of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/19/2005
Publication Date: 3/7/2005
Citation: Bermudez, O.I. 2005. Consumption of sweet drinks among American adults from the NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) 1999-2000. Journal of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 19(5):A1464. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: In this study, we assessed sweet drink consumption and its contribution to total energy intakes among American adults (20-49 y), as reported in the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000. We then related these consumption patterns to socio-demographic characteristics and indicators of obesity within the study population. We found that more than two-thirds of American adults drank soda, either caffeinated or decaffeinated, in amounts equivalent to 2.6 cups (240 ml), which contributed 14% of total energy intake of those who reported soda consumption. Sweet drinks contributed 11% to the total energy intake of those reporting consumption of those drinks. We also documented the elevated prevalence of overweight and obesity in this population, finding that consumption of 100% orange juice and low fat milk were associated with a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity, respectively. American adults obtained high proportions of food energy from soda or from sweet drinks, surpassing energy contribution from white bread, which traditionally has been the main provider of energy in the American diet. Results from this work may contribute to the rapidly growing body of evidence about unintended deleterious effects of some popular beverages, and may motivate food researchers in the search for strategies to halt or somewhat alleviate the current obesity epidemic facing the American public.