Submitted to: Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition
Publication Type: Book / chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/1/2005
Publication Date: 11/1/2005
Citation: Allen, L.H., Graham, J.M., Sabel, J.E. Dietary guidelines and safe supplement use. Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition. 2005 Elsevier Ltd. 8-16. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: During pregnancy there is an increased demand for nutrients for maternal metabolism and growth of fetal and maternal tissues. Nutritional goals during pregnancy include comsumption of a high quality, micronutrient-dense diet and the avoidance of, or a reduction in, intake of substances that are potentially harmful tot he fetus or pregnant woman. The majority of additional nutrients required for pregnancy can be obtained by appropriate selection of foods. However, many women consume vitamin-mineral supplements, medications and other forms of supplements during pregnancy. It is important to understand the risks, as well as the benefits, of these non-dietary substances.