Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/1/2005
Publication Date: 9/19/2005
Citation: Harris, E.W., Chester, D.N., Campbell, K., Rienne, C., Patterson, C., Dalke, J., Williams, T., Hathorn, C. 2005. Nutrition, Physical Activity and Diabetes: Designing a community intervention model. In: Proceedings of the Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, September 19-23, 2005, Durban, South Africa. 49(Suppl.1), Abstract 4.3.12, p. 193. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: This community intervention model serves as Phase 2 of a research education program for students from five Historically Black Colleges and Universities and one Native American Tribal College, who participate in the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Summer Institute. During the 2004-05 academic year, the students will help plan the intervention and conduct a pilot study in partnership with USDA. The purpose of the research is to develop appropriate community based intervention strategies aimed at diabetes control and prevention. The intervention will utilize the USDA Eat Smart, Play Hard TM campaign and will determine if there is a change in eating and physical activity lifestyle practices. Data collected during Phase 1 of the project on opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity to increase healthy lifestyle practices in the community will be used. Opportunities for healthy eating are defined as availability of grocery stores, restaurants, convenience stores, fast food outlets, vendors, food programs, and farmers markets, and the types of food available through these outlets. Opportunities for physical activity are defined as the availability of parks, public recreational centers, swimming pools, school gyms, presence of sidewalks and bike paths, and the types of physical activity available through these outlets. For the pilot phase of the intervention study, data will be collected from children age 4-6, 7-10, and 11-13, and their caregivers. A Diet and Health Knowledge Questionnaire; socio-demographic data; dietary intake using the Block Brief 2000 Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and the Block Kids 2004 FFQ; and anthropometric data will be collected. Findings from the pilot phase will be used to develop an appropriate multi-site community based intervention to begin in the Spring of 2006.