Submitted to: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Cultivar Release
Publication Type: Germplasm Release
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/31/2005
Publication Date: 1/31/2005
Citation: Fery, R.L. 2005. Notice of release of 'Baby Cream', a high-yielding, early maturity, cream-type southernpea with a compact plant habit. USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Washington D.C. 31 January 2005.
Technical Abstract: The USDA has developed a new cream-type southernpea cultivar named 'Baby Cream'. The new cultivar was developed from a cross between 'White Acre' and the breeding line US-432. Following the cross, intense selection pressure was applied in the F2 through F8 generations for earliness, small plant habit, and 'White Acre' seed characteristics. 'Baby Cream' originated as the bulk of an F8 field population grown in 1996. 'Baby Cream' is adapted for production throughout the southeastern United States, where it can be expected to produce excellent yields of high quality cream-type peas. 'Baby Cream' has a compact, erect plant habit. The new cultivar produces dry pods at Charleston, SC, in 63 to 74 days, which is 7 to 14 days earlier than 'White Acre'. Typical fresh-shell stage pods are yellow in color, 15 cm long, slightly curved, exhibit only slight constrictions between peas, and contain 13 peas. Fresh peas are cream colored (similar to 'White Acre'), kidney shaped, and weigh about 18 grams per 100 peas. 'Baby Cream' is recommended for trial by commercial food processors as a replacement for 'White Acre'. 'Baby Cream' is much earlier and much less bushy than 'White Acre'; it should be more suitable for use in modern, high plant density cropping systems.