|Graybosch, Robert - Bob|
Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/10/2005
Publication Date: 2/22/2005
Citation: Graybosch, R.A., Peterson, C.J., Baenziger, P.S., Nelson, L.A., Beecher, B.B., Baltensperger, D.B., Krall, J.M. 2005. Registration of 'antelope'hard white winter wheat. Crop Science 45:1661-1662. Interpretive Summary: Wheat commodity boards, exporters, grain handlers and millers are encouraging Great Plains wheat growers to plant and harvest hard white winter wheats. The goal is to fill increased domestic demands for white wheats for whole grain products, and to compete more effectively in export markets, where white wheats are favored over red-seeded types. Efforts to breed adapted hard white wheats were initiated in the northern Great Plains only about a decade ago. In the absence of financial incentives to growers to switch to white wheats, cultivars need to be developed that produce grain yields equal to the highest yielding red-seeded varieties. Antelope hard white wheat was developed and released by USDA-ARS to meet this goal. In irrigated trials covering a four-year period in western Nebraska and eastern Wyoming, grain yields of Antelope equaled those of the highest yielding red cultivars. Antelope also is highly resistant to lodging, which prevents it from falling over when grown under irrigation. Finally, Antelope is resistant to prevalent races of wheat stripe rust, a disease formerly restricted to humid climates, but now invading the Great Plains. The release of Antelope provides Great Plains wheat growers an effective tool with which they can remain competitive in world markets.
Technical Abstract: 'Antelope' (Reg. no., PI 633910) is a hard white winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar developed cooperatively by The Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station and the Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station. Antelope has shown exceptional productivity under irrigated trials in western Nebraska, eastern Wyoming and eastern Colorado. It combines high grain yield under irrigation with excellent lodging resistance. In terms of adaptation Antelope complements presently available hard white winter wheats such as 'Trego' (PI 612576) and 'Nuplains' (PI 605741).