|Graybosch, Robert - Bob|
Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/10/2005
Publication Date: 2/22/2005
Citation: Graybosch, R.A., Peterson, C.J., Baenziger, P.S., Nelson, L.A., Beecher, B.B., Baltensperger, D.B., Krall, J.M. 2005. Registration of arrowsmith hard white winter wheat. Crop Science 45: 1662-1663. Interpretive Summary: For the past 100 years, wheat growers in the Great Plains have produced hard red winter wheats. Due to both increased domestic demand for whole grain products, and continued requests from export markets, growers now are being encouraged to plant hard white wheats. Conversion of the western Great Plains to a hard white wheat production zone would assist America's wheat farmers compete in foreign markets. Such a goal, however, requires the development and deployment of hard white wheat cultivars. Few high-yielding adapted hard white cultivars exist. Arrowsmith was developed and released by the USDA-ARS to satisfy this need. Arrowsmith is a tall wheat adapted to dryland conditions in western Nebraska and eastern Wyoming. It has a long coleoptile which aids fall establishment under dry conditions, and produces adequate straw in addition to having competitive grain yields. Arrowsmith is similar in agronomic performance and processing quality to the hard red wheat Arapahoe, one of its parents. Arapahoe was the dominant wheat cultivar in Nebraska throughout the 1990's, and Arrowsmith now offers a white-seeded alternative to growers in regions where Arapahoe was successful.
Technical Abstract: 'Arrowsmith' (Reg. no., PI 633911) is a hard white winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar developed cooperatively by The Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station and the Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station. Arrowsmith primarily is adapted to dryland sites in western Nebraska and eastern Wyoming. It is being released as it combines white grain color with medium-long coleoptile length and tall plant height, both desirable features for wheats grown on dryland sites in the Nebraska Panhandle and eastern Wyoming. In terms of adaptation, Arrowsmith complements presently available hard white winter wheat cultivars such as 'Trego' (PI 612576) and 'Nuplains' (PI 605741).