Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/6/2004
Publication Date: 8/14/2006
Citation: Shoemaker, C.A., Xu, D., Evans, J.J., Klesius, P.H. 2006. Parasites and diseases. Chapter in Tilapia Biology, Culture, and Nutrition. Chhorn Lim and Carl Webster editors. Food Products Press an imprint of the Haworth Press, Inc, Binghamton, New York. Chapter 16 p. 561-582.
Technical Abstract: Aquaculture of tilapia has expanded rapidly in the past decade and this trend is expected to continue due to an increased demand for tilapia in both domestic and international markets. Intensive water re-use culture systems have become established in the United States and other parts of the world. Water re-use aquaculture systems have also expanded to desert areas of Israel and increased usage of these types of systems will continue where, or when, water is limited. Water re-use systems, as well as the intensification of pond culture, have resulted in an increase in the incidence and severity of disease agents present in tilapia. Prior to the development of intensive-culture systems, tilapia were considered to be more resistant to disease agents than many other cultured fish species. This chapter will review the limited information available on parasites, fungi, bacterial pathogens, and viral agents of tilapia and suggest possible health management strategies to prevent and control diseases.