Submitted to: Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/15/2004
Publication Date: 11/20/2004
Citation: Fitch, M.M. 2004. Carica papaya, Papaya. In: Litz, R.E., Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops. CABI Publishing, p. 174-207.
Technical Abstract: Papaya has been improved through biotechnology, for example, through the development of in vitro culture methods and genetic transformation. In the last 6 years, commercialized transgenic papaya resistant to Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) has been cited as a significant example of the advantages provided by biotechnology. The plants were developed by ARS, University of Hawaii, and Cornell University scientists. Following that study, numerous groups worldwide embarked on transformation for the solution of various pest problems as well as for improvements in fruit quality, while expanding research on in vitro techniques, cryopreservation, and genetic analysis. This chapter provides an update of the developments in biotechnology accomplished by different research teams worldwide since an earlier chapter published in 1992.