Submitted to: International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/17/2003
Publication Date: 7/20/2003
Citation: Yang, S., Nicklas, T. 2003. Children's beverage consumption has changed over a 21-year period. International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Interpretive Summary: AN INTERPRETIVE SUMMARY IS NOT REQUIRED.
Technical Abstract: There has been an increasing interest in children's sweetened beverage consumption and its potential nutritional impact on their diets and overweight status. The goal of this study was to examine trends in children's beverage consumption patterns from 1973 to 1994 in Bogalusa, Louisiana and its relationship to body mass index (BMI). A 24-hour dietary recall was collected on a total of 1584 10-year-old children (65% Euro-American (EA), 35% African-American; 51% girls) who were randomly selected to participate in one of seven cross-sectional surveys. Sweetened beverages were defined as soft drinks, fruit drinks, and tea or coffee with sugar. Contrary to national data, the percentage of children consuming sweetened beverages significantly decreased from 83% (1973) to 81% (1994) (p<0.05), particularly consumption of soft drinks (p<0.01) and coffee with sugar (p<0.0001). However, the mean gram amount of tea with sugar consumed significantly increased (p<0.0001) but not for fruit drinks, soft drinks, and coffee with sugar. When comparing tertiles of sweetened beverage consumption over time, the increased mean gram consumption was significant for those children who were in the medium (p<0.001) to high (p<0.001) tertiles. Mean BMI significantly increased (p<0.0001) in the children, regardless of their tertile of sweetened beverage consumption. Children who were overweight (BMI > 85th percentile) consumed significantly more total gram amount of sweetened beverages (p<0.001) than normal weight children. However, only 7% of the variance in BMI was explained by sweetened beverage consumption. Despite the association found between sweetened beverage consumption and BMI, 93% of the variance was unexplained.