|Bush, Rose Mary|
Submitted to: Journal Of The American Dietetic Association
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/1/2003
Publication Date: 9/1/2003
Citation: Brooks, B., Yang, S., Nicklas, T., Moreland, K., Wright, D., Bush, R. 2003. Milk and dairy product consumption in overweight young adults: the bogalusa heart study. Journal Of The American Dietetic Association. 103(9):A-33. Interpretive Summary: AN INTERPRETIVE SUMMARY IS NOT REQUIRED.
Technical Abstract: The youth/adolescent food frequency questionnaire was administered to 1307 young adults ages 20-38 years (73% Euro American (EA) and 27% African American (AA); 39% males and 61 % females). Overweight was calculated as body mass index (BMI) >= 25, waist circumference (WC) > 102 cm in men and >88 cm in women, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) > 0.90 in men and > 0.80 in women. Fifty-seven percent of young adults were overweight by BMI, 29% overweight by WC, and 31 % overweight by WHR. Consumption of low fat milk and dairy servings were 0.69 for males and 0.64 for females; and 0.73 for EA and 0.47 for AA (p <.0001). Using univariate ANOVA, and adjusting for gender, ethnicity, age, and total energy, young adults not overweight by WHR significantly consumed more low fat milk and dairy products (0.70 servings) than young adults overweight by WHR (0.58 servings) (R2 = .103, F = 7.020, p < .01); but there were no significant differences in low fat milk and dairy product consumption between young adults overweight and not overweight using BMI (R2 = .098, F = .275, p = .600) and WC (R2 = .098, F = .695, p = .405). Using logistic regression, and adjusting for gender, ethnicity, age, and total energy, low fat milk and dairy product consumption was inversely related with being overweight by WHR (B = -.268, p < .01); but low fat milk and dairy product consumption was not related with being overweight using BMI (B = .046, p = .599) and WC (B = -.080, p = .402). Lowfat milk and dairy product consumption was associated with a lower WHR in young adults.