Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/9/2004
Publication Date: 9/5/2006
Citation: Lim, C.E., Webster, C.D., Li, M.H. 2006. Feeding practices. In: Lim, C. and Webster, C. D. editors. Tilapia: Biology, Culture and Nutrition. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press. p. 547-559. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: In recent years, due to technological developments and improvements, aquaculture production of tilapia has expanded worldwide at a very rapid pace and is expected to continue to grow in the foreseeable future. The culture methods have changed from traditional extensive to semi-intensive and intensive systems where fish depend on prepared feeds for growth and well-being. Successful operations of these production systems are dependent, among other factors, on good nutrition. The benefits of using good quality feeds, however, can only be realized if fish are properly fed. For maximum production and profits, farmers are interested in a high rate of feed consumption. However, uneaten or excess feed cannot be recovered and represents not only an economic loss but also pollutes the environment. Thus, for tilapia farming is to be successful, good feeding practices (feed allowance, feeding frequency, method of feeding and daily feeding schedule) for different sizes and species cultured under diverse environmental conditions and production systems be applied. Because numerous factors influence fish feeding activity and feed intake, there is no one best method of feeding that can be prescribed for tilapia. Therefore, the information presented herein should be used only as a guide. It is also suggested that feeding practices that have been used successfully for some species such as common carp and channel catfish be adapted for tilapia by proper consideration of their physiological and nutritional needs, feeding behaviors and habits, culture systems, and environmental conditions.