Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/23/2005
Publication Date: 7/8/2005
Citation: Dowd, P.F., Johnson, E.T., Williams, W.P. 2005. Strategies for insect management targeted toward mycotoxin management. In: Abbas, H., editor. Aflatoxin and Food Safety. New York, NY: Marcell-Dekker. p. 517-541.
Technical Abstract: Insects are important in promoting high levels of mycotoxins under commonly occurring conditions in several major crops. Insect management can greatly reduce levels of mycotoxins in these crops. Insect management is often an economically effective method for protecting crop yield and quality, which leads to ready adoption of insect resistant germplasm. Bt maize and cotton have been readily adopted worldwide, and have considerably reduced the amount of insect damage to these crops. Significant reductions in fumonisins have been reported in a number of studies with Bt maize under conditions where high levels of O. nubilalis occur. It is likely that as greater numbers and spectrum of insect resistance traits are added to different crops, mycotoxin levels are likely to decline as a result. Additional management strategies combined with host-plant resistance to insects, as components of integrated programs involving predictive forecasts for mycotoxins that include economic analyses for preventative measures, are likely to further contribute to the reduction of mycotoxins and thereby increase the health of people and animals worldwide.