Submitted to: International Conference on Legume Genomics and Genetics
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/7/2004
Publication Date: 6/7/2004
Citation: Hernandez, G., Ramirez, M., Blair, M.W., Lara, M., Blanco, L., Munoz, M., Barazesh, S., Verdoorn, E., Graham, M., Vance, C.P. 2004. Comparative analysis of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) nodule, root, pod, and leaf expressed sequence tag (ESTs) libraries: a platform for "phaseomics" research. In: Legumes for the Benefit of Agriculture, Nutrition and the Environment. Second International Conference on Legume Genomics and Genetics, June 7-11, 2004, Dijon, France. p. 185-186. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Legume crops are vital components of world agriculture. While diets of subsistence farmers in Latin America and Eastern Africa often contain sufficient carbohydrates through cereal grains, they are poor in protein. Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) provide upwards to 70% of the dietary protein in these countries. Moreover, in the U.S. beans are a $2 billion industry and are highly recommended in the diet to reduce cholesterol and combat obesity. Although we know a great deal about the genes expressed in the legumes soybean and alfalfa, much less is known about bean. This report documents the sequencing and annotation (identification) of 14,000 genes in common bean. In addition, the abundance of selected genes was analyzed in bean leaves, roots, symbiotic root nodules, and flowers. This information lays the foundation for advances in genetic improvement of bean. The discovery of thousands of genes in bean will be useful as bean plant breeders map the bean genome. The sequenced bean genes will be made available to the public.