Submitted to: Journal of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/12/2003
Publication Date: 4/23/2004
Citation: Santell, R., Nonoyama, A., Gossett, J.M., Simpson, P., Champagne, C.M. 2004. Self-reported disease and nutrient intake in residents of the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) [abstract]. Journal of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 18(4):A380. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: This study evaluated the relationship among diet and obesity (BMI >/ 30,calculated from self-reported height & weight), heart disease (HD), hypertension (HTP) and diabetes, in a representative sample of African American (AA) and Caucasian (C) adults from 36 counties in the LMD. Food intake was assessed by multiple-pass 24-hour recalls coded by trained coders using a database system that utilizes CSFII food codes and produces identical nutrient information. Self-reported health was assessed by whether their physicians had informed them of disease. Results: Obesity, diabetes and HTP were higher in AA (p < 0.02), HD was higher in C(p < 0.04). Total fat (TF), saturated fat (SF), cholesterol (CH) or kilocalories (KCAL) were not different overall in obese; TF, SF, CH and KCAL were lower in obese AA than non-obese AA (p < 0.05); TF and KCAL were higher in obese C (p < 0.05). TF, SF, CH and KCAL were lower in AA with HD than those without (p < 0.05). TF, SF, and KCAL were lower in AA with HPT (p < 0.05) than those without; whereas, only SF was lower in C with HTP (p < 0.05). TF, SF and KCAL were lower in AA diabetics (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Nutrients such as TF, SF and KCAL, often related to CVD and HTP, were consumed significantly less in AA but not different in C reporting these diseases. One possibility is that disease markedly changes eating patterns in AA while C remain unresponsive. Supported by USDA, ARS Project # 6251-53000-003-00D.