Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/10/2003
Publication Date: 3/15/2007
Citation: Smith, D.R. 2007. Suborder symphyta - sawflies. Book Chapter. p. 203-271.
Interpretive Summary: The caterpillar-like larvae of sawflies are plant feeders and cause millions of dollars of damage annually to agricultural crops, forests, and ornamentals. A concise treatment is not available for the Western Hemisphere south of the United States. Thirteen chapters on the sawflies of this region include diagnoses for each of the 11 families, biological and life history notes and distributions for each, and identification keys to the 130 genera known from south of the United States. These chapters are part of a proposed book on the Hymenoptera (bees, wasps, ants, sawflies) of this region. This will be of importance to scientists studying the fauna of Mexico, Central, and South America, biological control workers for possible agents for weed control, and APHIS for identification of interceptions and prevention of introduction of invasive species from areas south of the United States.
Technical Abstract: Thirteen chapters cover the introduction to the Symphyta and the families Xyelidae, Pamphiliidae, Argidae, Pergidae, Diprionidae, Cimbicidae, Tenthredinidae, Siricidae, Xiphydriidae, Cephidae, and Orussidae for the Neotropical Region. For each, a diagnosis, discussion of phylogeny, biology, and distributions are presented. Keys to the 130 genera that occur in the Neotropics are presented to facilitate identification of the Neotropical fauna.