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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Griffin, Georgia » Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #152882


item Morris, John - Brad
item Moore, K
item Eitzen, J

Submitted to: Industrial Crops and Products
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2003
Publication Date: 10/1/2003
Citation: Morris, J.B., Moore, K.M., Eitzen, J.B. Guar: a potential new crop in georgia, usa, Industrial crops and products, 2003. Assoc. for advancement of industrial crops abstract, p-48.

Interpretive Summary: Guar originates from India and is planted on approximately 21,000 acres in the plains of Texas and southwestern Oklahoma. More than 1,298 accessions are conserved at the USDA, ARS, Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA. Guar is primarily a dryland crop and regeneration of several accessions reveal that it may be a new potential crop for Georgia, USA. We report that direct seeding between May 1st and June 1st provides an adequate growing season for production in the state of Georgia. Seed regeneration produced 24 to 8,792 seeds per plot of the entries when grown in Georgia field plots. Thus, this crop can be successfully regenerated in Georgia during the spring/summer season.

Technical Abstract: Guar was direct seeded into Georgia field soil at both Griffin and Ashburn, Georgia between May 1st and June 1st. More than 200 accessions of guar were evaluated for their regeneration capability. High quality plants regenerated from all accessions produced 24 to 8,792 seed weighing 0.84 g to 299 g. The spring/summer regeneration provided high quality seed from these guar genetic resources for use as food additives and more importantly as nutraceuticals.