Submitted to: American Bee Journal
Publication Type: Popular Publication
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/20/2004
Publication Date: 5/1/2004
Citation: Elzen, P.J. 2004. Beekeeping issues: major directions in research. American Bee Journal.
Interpretive Summary: Not required for popular article.
Technical Abstract: Regulatory agencies and granting sources have made clear to researchers that a major goal of agricultural research should be pesticide reduction in favor of sustainable practices. Scientists involved in honey bee research have experienced this important trend. Alternatives to synthetic chemicals do exist for bee pests and diseases. It is the challenge for scientists to incorporate these studies in an economical set of recommendations for the beekeeping industry to use.