Submitted to: Journal of Immunology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/20/2000
Publication Date: 1/1/2001
Citation: PRINCE, J.E., BRAYTON, C.F., FOSSETT, M.C., DURAND, J.A., KAPLAN, S.L., SMITH, W.C., BALLANTYNE, C.M. THE DIFFERENTIAL ROLES OF LFA-1 AND MAC-1 IN HOST DEFENSE AGAINST SYSTEMIC INFECTION WITH STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE. JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. 2001. Interpretive Summary: This paper examines the effects of genetic engineering to remove two proteins from the surface of white blood cells called neutrophils on defense against bacterial infection.
Technical Abstract: Mice deficient in CD18, which lack all four CD11 integrins, have leukocytosis and increased susceptibility to bacterial infection. To determine the effect of deficiencies in LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) or Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) on host defense against systemic bacterial infection, knockout mice were inoculated i.p. with Streptococcus pneumoniae. Increased mortality occurred in both LFA-1(-/-) (15 of 17 vs 13 of 35 in wild type (WT), p < 0.01) and Mac-1(-/-) (17 of 34 vs 6 of 25, p < 0.01) mice. All deaths in LFA-1(-/-) mice occurred after 72 h, whereas most deaths in Mac-1(-/-) mice occurred within 24-48 h. At 24 h, 21 of 27 Mac-1(-/-) mice were bacteremic, vs 15 of 25 WT (p = 0.05); no difference was observed between LFA-1(-/-) and WT. Increased bacteria were recovered from Mac-1(-/-) spleens at 2 h (p = 0.03) and 6 h (p = 0.002) and from livers (p = 0.001) by 6 h. No difference was observed at 2 h in LFA-1(-/-) mice, but by 6 h increased bacteria were recovered from spleens (p = 0.008) and livers (p = 0.04). Baseline and peak leukocyte counts were similar between Mac-1(-/-) and WT, but elevated in LFA-1(-/-). At 8 h, peritoneal neutrophils were increased in Mac-1(-/-), but not significantly different in LFA-1(-/-). Histopathologically, at 24 h Mac-1(-/-) animals had bacteremia and lymphoid depletion, consistent with sepsis. LFA-1(-/-) mice had increased incidence of otitis media and meningitis/encephalitis vs WT at 72 and 96 h. Both Mac-1 and LFA-1 play important but distinct roles in host defense to S. pneumoniae.