Submitted to: Plant Breeding Reviews
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/1/2003
Publication Date: 3/15/2003
Citation: BERZONSKY, W.A., DING, H., HALEY, S.D., HARRIS, M.O., LAMB, R.J., MCKENZIE, R.H., PEAIRS, F.B., PORTER, D.R., RATCLIFFE, R.H., SHANOWER, T.G. BREEDING WHEAT FOR RESISTANCE TO INSECTS. Janick, J., Editor. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ. PLANT BREEDING REVIEWS. 2003. v. 22. p. 221-296.
Technical Abstract: Host-plant resistance plays an important role in the management of the insect pests of wheat (Triticum sp.). Five pests, Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor), Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia), wheat midge (Sitodiplosis mosellana), greenbug (Schizaphis graminum) and the wheat stem sawfly (Cephus spp.) have a long association with wheat. These pests have also been the subject of intense efforts to develop resistant wheat cultivars. This paper reviews the distribution, host range, biology, damage and impact of each of these five pests. Efforts to breed for resistance are also reviewed including resistance mechanisms and genetics, sources of resistance, selection protocols and field methods. Alternative control methods for each pest are also briefly described.