Submitted to: Mycopathologia
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/15/2002
Publication Date: 6/1/2002
Citation: CARLSON, D.B., WILLIAMS, D.E., SPITSBERGEN, J.M., ROSS, P.F., BACON, C.W., MEREDITH, F.I., RILEY, R.T. 2002. FUMONISIN B1 PROMOTES AFLATOXIN B1 AND N-METHYL-N'-NITRO-NITROSOGUANIDINE INITIATED LIVER TUMORS IN RAINBOW TROUT. MYCOPATHOLOGIA. v.155. Abstract p.38. Interpretive Summary: Abstract only
Technical Abstract: Laboratory studies have described the carcinogenicity of fumonisin B1 (FB1) in rodents and epidemiological evidence suggests an association between FB1 (a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium moniliforme) and cancer in humans. This study was designed to reveal in rainbow trout, a species with very low spontaneous tumor incidence, if FB1 was (i) a complete carcinogen, in the absence of an initiator; (ii) a promoter of liver tumors in fish initiated as fry with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1); and, (iii) a promoter of liver, kidney, stomach, or swim bladder tumors in fish initiated as fry with N-methyl-N'-nitro-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). FB1 was not a complete carcinogen in trout. No tumors were observed in any tissue of fish fed diets containing 0, 3.2, 23 or 104 ppm FB1 for a total of 34 weeks (four weeks FB1 exposure, two weeks outgrowth on control diet, followed by 30 weeks FB1 diet) in the absence of a known initiator. FB1 promoted AFB1 initiated liver tumors in fish fed $ 23 ppm FB1 for 42 weeks. A one-week pre-treatment of FB1 did not alter the amount of liver [3H]-AFB1 DNA adducts which suggests that short-term exposure to FB1 will not alter Phase I or Phase II metabolism of AFB1. In MNNG initiated fish, liver tumors were promoted in the 104 ppm FB1 treatment (42 weeks), but FB1 did not promote tumors in any other tissue. Tumor incidence decreased in kidney and stomach in the 104 ppm FB1 treatment of MNNG initiated trout. The FB1 promotional activity in AFB1 initiated fish was correlated with disruption of sphingolipid metabolism suggesting that alterations in associated sphingolipid signaling pathways are potentially responsible for the promotional activity of FB1 in AFB1 initiated fish.