Submitted to: USDA-CSREES-NRI Cover Stories
Publication Type: Government Publication
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/20/2002
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Diseases caused by fungal pathogens are one of the greatest deterrents to grain cereal production worldwide. An economical way of preventing pathogen-induced crop loss is to use genetic varieties that are resistant to these pathogens. In oats, hypersensitive cell death caused by hypersensitive response (HR) at the site of infection is a significant component of defense against the fungal pathogen, Puccinia coronata, the causal agent of oat crown rust. HR has been proposed to play an important role in disease resistance in that cell death is thought to deprive the pathogen of nutrients, resulting in pathogen containment. Through NRI-sponsored studies conducted by USDA's Agricultural Research Service in cooperation with Iowa State University, researchers have provided a better understanding of the interactions between pathogens and their host crop plants. Two new oat genes that regulate hypersensitive cell death were identified. The Rds gene suppresses the hypersensitive response, but not the resistance, mediated by the Pc82 resistance gene. In contrast, the Rih gene confers the hypersensitive response in both resistant and susceptible plants. This research demonstrates that hypersensitive cell death is not essential for resistance to crown rust. This novel description of the separation of fungal disease resistance from hypersensitive cell death illustrates the need for continued research on disease interactions in plants. Such research will ultimately lead to better plant health and increased agricultural productivity.