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Title: REVIEW OF THE SOUTHEASTERN ASIAN SAWFLY GENUS EUSUNOXA ENSLIN (HYMENOPTERA: TENTHREDINIDAE)

Author
item Smith, David R
item Saini, M

Submitted to: Journal of Hymenoptera Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/21/2002
Publication Date: 9/21/2003
Citation: Smith, D.R., Saini, M.S. 2003. Review of the southeastern Asian sawfly genus Eusunoxa Enslin (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 12:333-345

Interpretive Summary: The caterpillar-like larvae of sawflies feed on a wide variety of plants and many can be destructive to agricultural crops, forest trees, and ornamental plantings. Some of the most destructive in the United States are those that have been accidentally introduced, i.e., invasive species. Knowledge of the world fauna is important in order to help prevent further introductions. A genus of nine species from India, Taiwan, Indonesia, and the Philippines is treated. All species, five of which are new to science, are described, illustrated, and keyed. Identification of this genus and its species will be of value to those interested in plant-feeding insects, and the key and illustrations will help action agencies such as APHIS prevent the introduction of these species into this country.

Technical Abstract: Nine species of Eusunoxa Enslin are keyed, described, and illustrated: E. buchi Togashi from the Philippines; E. ceylonica Malaise from Sri Lanka and southern India; E. formosana Enslin from Taiwan; E. ebena, n. sp., from Indonesia (Kalimantan); and E. nigriceps (Rohwer), E. auricauda, n. sp., E. lissofrons, n. sp., E. punctata, n. sp., and E. semipunctata, n. sp., from southern India. Eusunoxa subg. Asunoxa Wei is a new synonym of Eusunoxa Enslin, and Eusunoxa indiana Haris is a new synonym of E. ceylonica Malaise