Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/10/2002
Publication Date: 4/1/2002
Citation: Clark, R.N. 2002. Wind energy research at university and federal levels. Meeting Abstract. Great Plains Foundation Symposium 2002. p. 18.
Technical Abstract: Modern wind energy research began not long after the 1973 oil embargo. The Federal government established programs for large machines, small machines, wind resources, and applications in rural and remote areas. The research for the applications in rural and remote areas was conducted by the USDA-Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Bushland, TX. ARS conducted several studies in cooperation with universities in the Great Plains during the late 1970's and early 1980's. Irrigation experiments were conducted with Kansas State Uiversity and West Texas A&M University using mechanical driven pumps. Refrigeration of milk using wind power was tested at Colorado State University and water heating at Iowa State Univesity. The University of Nebraska and New Mexico State University were invloved in feasibility and economic analysis of using wind power for several agricultural applications. Since the mid 1980's, research activities in the Greeat Plains has been limited to remote water pumping and hybrid energy production studies conducted jointly by the USDA-ARS and West Texas A&M University, Alternative Energy Institute (AEI). Stand-alone electric water pumping systems were developed by this research effort that can be used for livestock, irrigation, and small village applications. Wind/diesel hybrid generation of electicity for small villages and large farms has been the focus of research for about 6 years.