Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/7/2001
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Twenty-four hour dietary intake data were collected by telephone from 2236 subjects residing in a representative sample of 36 LMD counties. Compared to CSFII 94-96, 98 national data, LMD residents' energy intake was not different, but specific nutrients and food groups differed significantly (P<0.005). Percent energy from total fat was 2% higher (35% vs 33%), as was discretionary fat intake (62g vs 58g). More cholesterol was consumed (282mg vs 261mg). Meat intake was higher (5.2 oz compared with 4.8 oz). Added sugars were 25% higher for LMD residents than in CSFII. However, we noted lower intakes for LMD residents compared to the national data for fiber (13g vs 16g), vitamin C (83mg vs 100mg), vitamin A (713RE vs 994 RE), Mg (236mg vs 269mg), K (2376mg vs 2668mg), Ca (707mg vs 804mg). Given that fruit, vegetable, and dairy groups were consumed in amounts lower (P<0.0001) than that reported nationally, targeting increases in these groups are appropriate. Interventions are planned focusing on healthy weight and food choices. These data support the need to continue efforts to improve diets of residents in this rural impoverished population. Supported by ARS/USDA Project #6251-530000-0020-00D.