|Smith, David R|
Submitted to: Entomologica Scandinavica
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2002
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Parasitic and predatory insects are of increasing importance as biological control agents against pest species. Little is known of many parasitic groups on a worldwide basis. This study treats part of a small family, the Orussidae, which are parasitic on wood-boring beetles and wasps. Included are 7 genera and 27 species that occur from southern United States to South hAmerica, Japan, southeastern Asia, and Australia. One genus and 5 species are new to science. Keys, descriptions, and illustrations are given for the identity of the genera and species, and distributions of each species are presented. Ability to easily identify species of this group will save time and aid scientists, biological control workers, and others involved with parasites of wood-boring insects. Action agencies such as APHIS will have the ability to separate species of this group if intercepted at ports-of-entry.
Technical Abstract: The genera Argentophrynopus Vilhelmsen and Smith, n. gen., Guiglia Benson, Kulcania Benson, Ophrella Middlekauff, Ophrynon Middlekauff, Ophrynopus Konow, and Stirocorsia Konow of the wasp family Orussidae are revised. This group of genera of Orussidae occurs from southern United States to Chile and in Japan, southeastern Asia, and Australia. In total, 27 species are recognized, including Argentophrynopus gauldi Vilhelmsen and Smith, n. sp. A. enigmus Vilhelmsen and Smith, n. sp., Guiglia rubicunda Schmidt, n. sp., Ophrynopus hansoni Vilhelmsen and Smith, n. sp., and Ophrynopus carinatus Vilhelmsen and Smith, n. sp. Guiglia queenslandensis coronata Rayment is considered a new junior synonym of G. sericatus (Mocsary); G. aureola Benson is considered a species inquirenda. Kulcania tomentosa (Middlekauff), n. comb., is transferred from Ophrynopus. Ophrynopus philippinensis Guiglia is considered a new junior synonym of Stirocorsia kohli Konow; Ophrynella rossi Yasumatsu, n. syn., and Oryssus trifasciatus Cameron, rev. stat., are both considered junior synonyms of Stirocorsia maculipennis (Smith). Keys and distribution maps of all recognized species are provided, as well as descriptions of all genera.