|Knowles, Donald - Don|
Submitted to: Federation of European Microbiological Societies Microbiology Reviews
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/13/2001
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: Interpretive Summary: These data show that certain repetitive DNA sequences can be used to differentiate A. marginale isolates obtained from different geographical regions. The methods described in this manuscript can be used to help understand the epidemiology (distribution and transmission) of A. marginale.
Technical Abstract: Anaplasma marginale genomic DNA was tested for the presence of repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP) and enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-like sequences in order to evaluate the genetic diversity of multiple A. marginale isolates. A. marginale isolates were obtained from cattle of six different states of Brazil, from the US and an Anaplasma centrale strain was obtained from Uruguay. Patterns obtained from A. marginale isolates varied from 14 to 17 fragments by REP-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and 6 to 14 fragments by ERIC-PCR. All A. marginale isolates presented a 0.75-kb fragment by REP and two common fragments (0.38 and 1.0 kb) by ERIC-PCR. These two fragments were not detectable in A. centrale. Both methods produced similar patterns (80%) among A. marginale isolates obtained from the same region, although some isolates within regions shared less similarity. Isolates from Parana and Pernambuco, were differentiated by these methods. The study demonstrates the presence of ERIC and REP-like elements in A. marginale isolates and shows that A. marginale isolates and strains can be differentiated by these methods.